Nepal, 2007. Here, in a remote area of the Himalayan mountain range, researchers scale a cliff crumbling from erosion in order to explore one of the world’s greatest archaeological mysteries: the sky caves of the ancient kingdom of Mustang. There are over 10,000 of these man-made caves tunneled all around the Mustang region. Many have yet to be explored. Entry is not only dangerous, but nearly impossible, even with modern climbing equipment.

“The caves of Mustang are absolutely amazing because they’re in a very fragile, friable rock. That is, it breaks off very easily, it’s very hard to scale, to try to get up to them. These caves appear to be human carved; to be cut out by humans. No one really knows who carved these caves initially because they seem to go back to such a very, very early period.”

Robert M. Schoch, Ph.D.
(Geologist / Author, Forgotten Civilization)

Hidden inside, researchers find art, artifacts, and religious texts, dating back to at least the 1400s and some much, much older. Among the most stunning of the discoveries is a mural composed of 55 panels depicting scenes from the life of the spiritual leader, Buddha.

“They have images of Buddha’s various life scenes of the Buddha. So, perhaps it was used for a ritual purpose, perhaps used as a meditation purpose. We do not know why particularly Buddhist deities have been painted in some of these caves.”

– Deepak Shimkhada, Ph.D.
(Adjunct Prof. of Religion, Claremont Graduate Univ.),
(Prof. of Hindu Studies, Claremont Lincoln Univ.,
School of Theology)

But how and why did this unknown ancient civilization scale nearly 155 feet of sheer vertical rock wall to create these caverns in the mountainside? And why did they leave behind depictions of the life of Buddha? Mankind has been drawn to mountains for centuries. Across ancient civilizations, the world’s highest peaks were often viewed as sacred and home to all-powerful gods. But why do so many different cultures throughout history share this belief that mountains have a divine connection?

Kagbeni Hills, Mustang Regions, Himalayas

Mount Ishizuchi, Shikoku, Japan

Mount Everest, Nepal

Mount Tai, China

Tyrol, Austria

Mount Shasta, California, USA

Himalayas, Nepal

Bernina, Upper Engadin, Switzerland

Andes Mountains, Argentina

Tuscany, Italy

Devil’s Tower, Wyoming

“Mountains have fascinated people all over the world for thousands and thousands of years. They seem to be a way to ascend to the heavens or to get as close to the heavens as we can here on this planet. In many mythologies, they were imagined as the dwelling place of the gods.”

– Sabina Magliocco, Ph.D.
(Prof. of Anthropology & Folklore, CSU Northridge)

“The idea that the mountains would be the homes of the gods shows up in Norse tradition, in India, in Japan, all over. The ruler, the god, the great power, would want to have the view from above. This is transcendence, this is getting the big picture. So, we imagine that there is a kind of control tower or control center up in the mountains that helps the gods rule wisely from above.”

– Jonathan Young, Ph.D.
(Founding Curator, Joseph Campbell Archives)

“They are the closest points to the sky and the world that exists up there, which makes them the perfect place of communication between this world and the next. The gods are said to use them when they come down. They are places of otherworldly activity.”

– Andrew Collins (Author, Gateway to Atlantis),
(The Cygnus Mystery), (Beneath the Pyramids),
(Göbekli Tepe: Genesis of the Gods)

Were mountains around the world really home to divine or perhaps extraterrestrial beings? Beings who used these extreme elevations to observe and communicate with mankind? Many Ancient Astronaut Theorists say yes, and as evidence they point to the mountain that is most famously associated with powerful gods of the ancient world – Mt. Olympus, Greece.

Rising over 9,500 feet, this sacred mountain is the second tallest in the Balkan peninsula. According to ancient myth, it was also the chosen home of immortal deities known as the Olympians.

“Mt. Olympus hides a particularly mysterious abode where the gods live in perfect, immortal repose for all of their existence. Even nowadays, clouds gather around the top of it. That’s where it is assumed that the abode of the gods was, up in the clouds that you aren’t able to see.”

Richard Rader, Ph.D.
(Lecturer, UCLA Dept of Classics/UCSB Dept of Classics),
(Author, Theology and Existentialism in Aeschylus)

Mt. Olympus was viewed as sacred by the ancient Greeks, and the city of Dion, located at the foot of the mountain, became a major center of pilgrimage and religious worship in the 5th-century BC.

“Dion was at the base of Mt. Olympus and it was believed to be a power spot. In 4th-century BC, Alexander the Great came to Dion before launching off on his vast conquest of Asia. There is something about this place, something very important related to the mountain. The Greeks were fascinated by Mt. Olympus, and they believed that real people, real gods were living up there. When they saw lighting flashes, storm clouds, and when there were natural disasters, they believed the gods were angry.”

David Wilcock (Author/Filmmaker),
(Author, The Source Field Investigations),
(The Synchronicity Key)

“The Olympians were huge sky beings who descended on Earth and had a headquarters at Mt. Olympus. They interacted with humans. And the ancients believed that they were real beings.”

– William Henry (Author / Investigative Mythologist),
(Author, Freedom’s Gate), (The Judgment Day Device),
(Lost Secrets of the Watchers), (The Secret of Sion),
(Egypt: The Greatest Show on Earth)

“For many years, historians believed the Greek stories were complete myth. But then in 1870, the German archaeologist Heinrich Schleimann discovered Troy. Similarly, we have the story of the Oracle at Delphi and the god Apollo speaking through the Oracle. Archaeologists have now found the exact spot where the Oracle at Delphi sat. So, now we know that some of the Greek stories are genuine. So, was it possible that the stories of the Olympians are also true?”

David Childress (Author, Technology of the Gods)

“It’s possible that they were actually extraterrestrial beings who came here to influence humankind.”

– William Henry (Author / Investigative Mythologist),
(Author, Freedom’s Gate), (The Judgment Day Device),
(Lost Secrets of the Watchers), (The Secret of Sion),
(Egypt: The Greatest Show on Earth)

Could the myths of Ancient Greece be true? Was Mount Olympus home to gods living here on planet Earth? And if so, might those powerful deities have been extraterrestrials, as some Ancient Astronaut Theorists believe? According to the accounts of the Greek poet Hesiod from the 8th-century BC, the Olympians were the children of the Titans, another generation of gods thought to occupy nearby Mount Othrys. Fed up with the oppressive rule of the Titans, the Olympians waged a brutal rebellion against them, using Mount Olympus as their base.

“The command was done from the mountains and the battle took place in the plains between the mountains. And the battle went on and on. The Olympians prevailed finally capturing the Titans.”

– Jonathan Young, Ph.D.
(Founding Curator, Joseph Campbell Archives)

“Whenever we have references to Mount Olympus, it is described to be this magnificent palace, and the temple walls were always gleaming of gold, or gleaming with silver, and a lot of little lights that they described as jewels, some blinking lights and all those things. Well, if you look at that from a modern perspective, what if Mount Olympus and Mount Othrys were basically the command posts where the Olympian and the Titans drew up their battle plans. And when I say command posts I’m talking about a functioning military outpost in the mountains for an all-out war between extraterrestrials.”

– Giorgio A. Tsoukalos
(Publisher, Legendary Times Magazine)

Could the stories of the war between the Olympians and the Titans actually be describing a battle between extraterrestrial forces? And did Mount Olympus and Mount Othrys serve as their tactical military bases? And if so, might there be other strategic reasons why extraterrestrials may have chosen mountains as their point of contact with Earth? Ancient Astronaut Theorists say the evidence can be found in a mysterious mountain dwelling where a prince ascended to the stars.


Previous: Introduction | Next: Temples & Observatories



[1a] Prometheus Entertainment. (2014). Ancient Aliens: Season 6, vol 1. [DVD Back Cover]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[1b] Prometheus Entertainment. (2014). Ancient Aliens: Season 6, vol. 2. [DVD Back Cover]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[2] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.1 – Aliens & Forbidden Islands. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: November 29, 2013, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[3] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.2 – Aliens & the Lost Ark. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: December 6, 2013, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[4] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.3 – Aliens & Mysterious Mountains. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: December 13, 2013, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[4a] Prometheus Entertainment. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.3 – Aliens & Mysterious Mountains. [DVD Footage: Introduction]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[4b] Prometheus Entertainment. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.3 – Aliens & Mysterious Mountains. [DVD Footage: Home of the Gods]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[4c] Prometheus Entertainment. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.3 – Aliens & Mysterious Mountains. [DVD Footage: Temples & Observatories]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[4d] Prometheus Entertainment. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.3 – Aliens & Mysterious Mountains. [DVD Footage: Festivals & Ceremonies]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[4e] Prometheus Entertainment. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.3 – Aliens & Mysterious Mountains. [DVD Footage: Widespread Birdmen Myths]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[4f] Prometheus Entertainment. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.3 – Aliens & Mysterious Mountains. [DVD Footage: Alien Bases]. Los Angeles, CA: A&E Networks, LLC / History™.

[5] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.4 – Aliens & Stargates. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: January 24, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[6] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.5 – Aliens in America. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: January 31, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[7] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.6 – The Star Children. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: February 7, 2013, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[8] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.7 – Treasures of the Gods. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: February 14, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[9] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.8 – Aliens & the Red Planet. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: February 21, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[10] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.9 – The Shamans. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: February 28, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[11] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.10 – Aliens & Insects. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: March 7, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[12] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.11 – Alien Breeders. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: March 14, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[13] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.12 – Alien Transports. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: June 13, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[14] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.13 – Mysterious Structures. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: June 20, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[15] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.14 – Mysterious Devices. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: June 27, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[16] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.15 – Faces of the Gods. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: July 11, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[17] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.16 – The Reptilians. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: July 25, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[18] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.17 – The Tesla Experiment. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: August 1, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[19] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.18 – The God Particle. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: August 8, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[20] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.19 – Alien Encounters. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: August 15, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.

[21] History™. (2014). Ancient Aliens: 6.20 – Aliens & Superheroes. [Episode Description]. Retrieved: August 22, 2014, from http://www.history.com/shows/ancient-aliens/season-6.


Who were they?… Why did they come?… What did they leave behind?… Where did they go?… Will they return?…

%d bloggers like this: